36- Pharaoh said: “O Haamaan! Build me a high tower that I may attain the ways and means.” 40-The Believer, 36 [040 SURE GAFIR, V 36]
38- Pharaoh said: “O Chiefs! No god do I know for you but myself. So, O Haamaan! Fire some clay to build a tower for me that I may mount up to the God of Moses. I believe that he is a liar.” 28-The History, 38 [028 SURE AL-QASAS, V38]
Haamaan’s name is quoted several times in the Quran as promoter and supporter of Pharaoh, who, claiming to vie with God, and taking a stand against Moses, had ordered Haamaan to erect a high tower so that he might reach the God to whom Moses referred. Prof. Maurice Bucaille, in his Moise et L’Egypte, speaks of the use of the name Haamaan mentioned in the Quran, alluding to the objections raised in history to the use of this name, and gives an account of the corroboration of the account given in the Quran after the deciphering of the hieroglyph. The name Haamaan is also mentioned in the Old Testament as the chief minister or vizier of King Ahasuerus. After the failure of his attempt to cut off all the Jews in the Persian Empire, he was hanged on the gallows which he had erected for Mordecai. The name Haamaan is mentioned five times in the Quran. People with prejudice looking for errors in the Quran claimed that the Quran had made errors while copying the Old Testament and brought forth the name of Haamaan as evidence.
HEAD OF THE QUARRY WORKERS
Jean Francois Champollion (1790-1832), a French Egyptologist and a pioneer in the study of ancient Egypt, is best known for his success on the Rosetta Stone in 1822. The stone in question was found near Rosetta on the western mouth of the Nile by one of Napoléon’s officers in 1799. Its text, a decree commemorating the accession of Ptolemy V, is written in two languages and three scripts: hieroglyphs forming Egyptian parts of the inscription were deciphered by Jean-Francois Champollion, and this led to the interpretation of many other early records of Egyptian civilization. In the Hof Museum of Vienna one can read of Haamaan’s close relations to the Pharaoh. (See: Walter Wreszinski, Aegyptische Inschriften aus dem K.K. Hof Museum in Wien, 1906, J.C. Hinriesche Buchhandlung.) The name “Haamaan” is recorded as the head of the quarry workers, which is in accordance with the sura The Narrations verse 38. (See: Herman Renke, Die Aegyptischen Personnennamen, Vierzeischnis der Namen, published by J. J. Augustin in Glückstadt, Band I, 1935.)
Maurice Bucaille gave the name “Haamaan” to a French Egyptologist, telling him that he had seen it quoted in an Arab manuscript dating from the 7th century. (He did not, however, tell him that the Manuscript in question was the Quran, so as not to prejudice the Egyptologist’s reaction to this). He suggested to Maurice Bucaille that he refer to the “Dictionary of Personal Names of the New Kingdom by Ranke.” Bucaille eventually found the name in the German hieroglyph transliteration list as being the head of the quarry workers.
Another discovery was the engraving of the name Haamaan on a monument in Vienna. The bracket appended to the name Haamaan indicates his special position in relation to the Pharaoh. (The Egyptians used to write the words linked together unless it was to indicate a special situation.)
So, objections raised against the contents of the Quran are brought to naught in every instance. Whenever probing becomes necessary about a particular point, the Quran displays further miracles. The Quran’s quoting the name Haamaan cannot be coincidental. No source other than revelation could possibly have included the name so appropriately in the Quran.